Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
According to WHO, the are around 2.6 million newly infected people with HIV in 2009, and number of people living with HIV until 2009 is about more than 33.3 million wild world. Besides the AIDS death in the same year with total 1.8 million is quite a huge number.
Eventhought there are a lot of promotion and education from the government and non government organizations according to the impact of HIV/AIDS, surprisingly, but the number of infected people together with newly people infected is still keep increasing. What is actually the main problem here?
No effctive treatment ?
No effective vaccine ?
No effective prevention?
No appropriate programe ?
No supporting fund?
No attention ?
Moral decadence ?
How is HIV transmitted
HIV is found in body fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk. Infection with HIV can only occur when body fluids from an infected person enters the blood stream of another person. HIV CAN BE transmitted by:
• Sex without a condom (unprotected sex).
• Sharing needles, syringes and other equipment for injecting drugs.
• Unsterile body piercing or tattooing.
• Mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast feeding.
• Blood transfusion and/or blood products
HIV CANNOT BE transmitted by:
Coughing; kissing; sneezing; spitting; crying; sharing cutlery and crockery; bed linen; toilets, showers; or through any form of casual contact and insects such as mosquitoes
What should we do then?
And this is WHO strategy in handling the HIV/Aids.
Consultations on the development of the WHO Global Health Sector Strategy for HIV 2011-2015
The Sixty-third Session of the World Health Assembly adopted a resolution that requests the WHO Director-General to develop a WHO HIV/AIDS Strategy for 2011-2015, through a broad consultative process. The Strategy will:
- build on the achievements and experiences of the "3 by 5" initiative and the five strategic directions of the WHO HIV/AIDS Universal Access Plan 2006-2010;
- take into consideration the broad global HIV, health and development architecture, including the UNAIDS Strategy and Outcome Framework, and existing commitments to achieving Universal Access and the Millennium Development Goals;
- identify existing and agreed global targets to motivate countries to plan for bold HIV/AIDS responses through to 2015;
- provide guidance to countries on how to prioritize their HIV and broader health investments;
- provide a framework for concerted WHO action at the global, regional and country levels and across all relevant WHO departments.References:
1. World Health Organization (WHO)
3. Lecture note on HIV/AIDS DISASTER AND HIV/AIDS IN NATURE DISASTER by dR Sunardi Radiono